If the domain with your correct data is not registered, you will be punished with withdrawing all your rights and you will have to pay a certain amount of money. Depending on the company that owns the domain abbreviation, the number of letters and keywords in it, and other criteria, the value of the fine is determined.
Domain registration is made on the WHOIS site. There your personal information can be seen by everyone. That’s why it’s so easy to find offenders. Any competitor, or just people who do not like your business, can check your data and report irregularities on the site from which you purchased the domain or directly to ICANN.
If you do not want your information to be accessible to everyone, you can pay extra and make it visible only to interested parties, that is, for sites and companies that have the right to revoke your license.
Some sites offer this service for free when buying the domain, but most have certain fees. This will in no case make you anonymous on the web. With the right documentation, the authorities will be able to bypass this firewall, so you will be held accountable for the activity of your site.
The wall protects only yourself, not your site, from scammers and other malicious elements that could use information such as your phone number, home address, and name to harm you outside the virtual space.
In addition, search engines like Google check the WHOIS information and how long your domain is registered. The longer you prepay, the more chance you can get to be on the first page of search and increase the traffic on your site.